Why Children Bite-
Biting is a nightmare for Parents and Daycare Helpers. Kids bite for a number of reasons -- and most of them aren't intentionally done.
Few are the reasons are mentioned below:
They're in pain - When babies bite, typically it's because they're teething. They're just doing it to relieve the pain of their swollen, tender gums.
They're exploring their world which is within their reach - Very young children use their mouths to explore, just as they use their hands. Just about everything infants or toddlers pick up eventually winds up in their mouths. Kids this age aren't able to stop themselves from biting the object of their interest. It is usually toys, anything small, something colourful and attractive.
They're looking for a reaction - Part of exploration is curiosity. Toddlers experiment to see what kind of reaction their actions will provoke. They'll bite down on a friend or sibling to hear the surprised look on their parents / care takers not realising how painful the experience is for the other child.
They are big attention seekers - In older kids, biting is just one of several bad behaviours used to get attention. When a child feels ignored, discipline is at least one way of getting noticed -- even if the attention is negative rather than positive.
They're frustrated. Biting, like hitting, is a way for some children to assert themselves when they're still too young to express feelings effectively through words. To your child, biting is a way to get back a favourite toy, tell you that he / she is unhappy about a situation or let another child know that he or she wants to be left alone.
How to Stop Biting
Practice prevention so that your child will be less likely to bite in the first place.
If your baby is teething, make sure to always have a cool teething ring or washcloth around him / her so that she will mostly not bite any other child.
Avoid situations in which your child can get irritable enough to bite. Make sure that all of your child's needs -- including eating and nap time -- are taken care of before you go out to play. Take a snack box along with you while going to the park. Whenever he / she is getting cranky, can feed immediately.
As soon as your child is old enough, encourage the use of words ("I'm angry with ….. name of the child" or "That's my toy") instead of biting. Other ways to express frustration or anger include hugging a stuffed animal or punching a pillow. Sometimes, shortening activities or giving your child a break can help prevent the rising frustration that can lead to biting and other bad behaviours.
Give your child enough of your time throughout the day (for example, by reading or playing together), so he or she doesn't bite just to get attention. Extra attention is especially important when your child is going through a major life change, such as a move or welcoming a baby sibling. If your child is prone to biting, keep an eye on any playmates and step in when an altercation appears to be brewing.
Even with your best prevention efforts, biting incidents might still occur. When your child bites, firmly let your child know that this behaviour is not acceptable by saying, "No. We don't bite!" Explain that biting hurts the other person. Then remove your child from the situation and give the child time to calm down. Giving time out is a good option.
You might have heard from other parents that if your child bites you, bite your child back. This isn't good advice. Children learn by imitation. If you bite your child, the child is going to get the impression that this behaviour
is acceptable and he or she will be more likely to do it again. The same goes for hitting a child for biting.
If you are unable to get your child to stop biting, the behaviour could begin to have an impact on school and friends. It is a good idea to observe your child, their interactions between your child and other kids. When biting becomes a habit or continues past age 4 or 5, it might stem from a more serious emotional problem. Talk to your child’s doctor regarding the same.